“Sa burra” is the traditional rug of Sarule, executed with the vertical frame that was given as a dowry by the women to the first-born son.
The color of the rug was obtained from different herbs, while today chemical dyes are used, the predominant color in “Sa burra” is yellow, which is obtained by boiling branches and leaves of “erimeri”.
Black, another classic color of the rug, is the natural black of wool formerly obtained from the walnut husk and another type of “erimeri”. “S’alino” gave a reddish color and the bark of the same tree used alone, gave the avana.
From “Su madicu” the soot, boiled with water and wool, a brown color is obtained; in order to intensify and strengthen the color, a mixture of water and ash “Sa lessia” (lye) was added.
Photo credit www.sardegnaturismo.it
The designs of the rug in general, and especially those of “Sa burra”, were born from the inspiration that the women took from the things they came into contact with in everyday life.
“Sa burra” was started with “Su cordone” a weave of two-colored wools; in order to reinforce the beginning of the work and to make it beautiful. The same motif was found at the closure of the rug.
The characteristic motifs of “Sa burra” are:
Sas righiccheddas: small yellow and black lines;
Sos tocchiccheddos: two red and two black lines, narrower than the previous ones;
Sas denteddas: which are said to be inspired by human teeth;
Sas menduleddas: are reflected in the typical sweets of Sarule “s’aranzada” and “sas menduleddas”;
Sos piriccheddos: are inspired by “sos mojos”, cork containers that were used to make bread rise;
All these motifs, in sequence, make up the beginning and the end of the rug, called “Sas codas”
Sa ciai: which is performed at the edge of the rug, derives from the large keys used in ancient times, it closes the rug on sides.
S’archizzone: is copied from the Sardinian costume, in the middle of the rug various designs were and are still reported: Sa rosa, Su puzone, S’essere : copied from the inlays of “Sa cassia”, a chest that represented a multipurpose piece of furniture while today it is considered a precious piece of antique.
Su caliche: drawing inspired by the hourglass
Su libru: made of small squares, which represent a page.
“Sa burra”the large rug of the textile tradition of Sarule, which was initially used as a bedspread, later becoming the most precious sub-table, not only in Barbagia, but also in many villages scattered in various destinations of Sardinia. In Sarule, a small town of medieval origins, the tradition of weaving colorful rugs adorned with strongly stylized figures has been preserved.
Even today, walking on the main street of the village, you can meet laboratories where they work as a time on vertical frames, and where you can buy rugs.
Discovering “Sa burra” the ancient and precious rug made with the vertical frame
“Sa Burra” is mainly a traditional artifact of Sarule, but also of other two municipalities, those of Orani and Gadoni. Every year, during the religious procession of Corpus Domini, Sa burra is used to decorate the houses and represent one of the Sardinian handicraft products that can be admired during folklore events as “Autunno in Barbagia”.
In order to create “Sa Burra” a job of about 40 days by three women is required.
The art of making “Sa burra” of Sarule: students side by side with old weavers
Almost a year alongside the old weavers of the town, the rediscovery of one of the main traditions of Sarule, that is the art of creating “Sa Burra”, the typical local rug. The socio-cultural development of the last decades has led to a gradual abandonment of ancient art of weaving by new generations.
The town, then, through the councilor for culture Simonetta Ladu, has decided to devote to historical recovery and enhancement of textile art, a special laboratory promoted in collaboration with the secondary school. Theory and practice in 50 hours of intense work, developed during the 2010-2011 school year, saw the work of the 3rd class students assisted by the masters of the rug art, Speranza Ladu, Antonella Lovicu, Lucia Mureddu, Berta Pinna, Maria Grazia Pinna and Lucia Piredda in collaboration with the teachers of the school.
The work experience was presented in the library of the town. Thanks to the mayor Antonio Gaia and the councilor for culture Simonetta Ladu and the teachers that took part at the event.